Recently, a report was published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM) that looked into the impact of e-cigarettes. It is one of the largest reports that has ever been compiled so that it is able to shed light on many aspects related to the process. The report has been made after reviewing more than 800 scientific studies, and it helps in arriving at many types of conclusions regarding the health issues related to Aussie e-cigs. The need for such a study was always felt in the past, and this report can be very helpful for the same. We present here the pros and cons that have been arrived through the report.
- It is all about the numbers – As per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 12 percent of American adults have tried it at least for once. The report also goes on to mention that 3.7 percent of Americans regularly continue to use e-cigarettes. It has been mentioned that this type of cigarette is more prevalent among the young population of the country. More than 20 percent of adults in the age group of 18 to 24 years have tried their hands on it although older people are not so much attracted. Therefore, it clearly shows that e-cigarettes are more appealing for the younger generation compared to older people.
- It is a mixed report – There is no doubt that e-cigarettes are considerably used worldwide, but the health effects that they may create is still quite unclear. Therefore, they cannot either be branded as harmful or harmless exclusively. However, it is also a fact that many e-cigarettes contain potentially harmful chemicals. At the same time, the report also mentions that substituting e-cigarettes completely for conventional tobacco cigarettes can limit exposure level of users to many carcinogens and toxicants that are there in traditional tobacco cigarettes.
For finding out nicotine exposure, the report states that e-cigarettes and tobacco cigarettes may provide the same level of exposure to an experienced user. As of cancer or any other ailment, the report does not have any suitable evidence to suggest that using e-cigarettes may be associated with any intermediate cancer endpoints.
- The respiratory effects of e-cigarettes – It is also not very clear whether any respiratory disease happens due to the usage of e-cigarettes. In fact, adult users of e-cigarettes have shown limited improvement in respiratory symptoms and lung function. This is particularly true for asthma patients who have fully or partially switched over to e-cigarettes. Similarly, it was also found that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations reduced in adult smokers after its usage.
However, it was also found in the report that the consumption of e-cigarettes may lead to more wheezing and coughing, especially in teenagers. At the same time, it can also lead to an increase in asthma aggravation.
- Effects related to pregnancy – The report is not very clear on the effects related to pregnancy or fetal development. The pregnancy outcome upon e-cigarette consumption is also not known. Similarly, results for maternal e-cigarette usage is also not very clear.
Therefore, the report is not very clear, and there are pros as well as cons in this report so that the usage of e-cigarette cannot be said to be good or bad at the moment. Only more studies can be able to help further.